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Ashra e Mubasharah: Uthman (r)

Posted by answersforshiafriend on October 5, 2011

The Ashra e Mubasharah

The Ten Who Were Given the Glad Tidings of Paradise

Who are the Ashra e Mubasharah?

  • Ashra means ten and Mubasharah means good news or glad tidings
  • Ashra e Mubasharah is a term used to refer to ten companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alayhe Wasallam about whom he clearly stated that they will be inParadise.

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, Umar will be in Paradise, Uthman will be in Paradise, Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, Al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf will be in Paradise, Sad ibn Abi Waqqas will be in Paradise, Said ibn Zayd will be in Paradise and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah will be in Paradise.”  Its isnad is sahih. [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 1/70, no. 50]

All of these ten Companions were the earliest converts to Islam and all of them emigrated in the way of Allah. Allah says about all the early converts to Islam from the  emigrants (Muhajreen) and the helpers (Ansar) in the Quran:

“And the first to embrace Islâm of the Muhâjirûn and the Ansâr  and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allâh is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” (Tawbah :100)

  1. 3.      Uthman Bin Affan
  • After Abu Bakr Siddiq, Uthman Bin Affan was the second person to be converted to Islam.
  • Uthman was the first among the Umayyads to become a Muslim. The Umayyads and the Hashimite were rival sections of the Quraish. Uthman was the first to rise above such rivalry by offering allegiance to the Holy Prophet who was a Hashimite.
  • He was amongst the first Muslims to be persecuted by his own family and physically tortured by his own uncle for accepting Islam.
  • He was the first Muslim to sacrifice and leave his own family and divorce his wives who refused to accept Islam for the sake of Islam.
  • After his divorce Prophet married him to his own daughter Ruqiyyah.
  • Uthman ra was the first to migrate with his wife toAbyssiniain the name of Allah. Many other Muslims followed after him and migrated toAbyssinia.
  • He came back to Makkah after two years and again migrated to Madina.  Thus Uthman was amongst the few Muslims who undertook two migrations in the cause of Allah, once toAbyssiniaand for the second time to Madina.
  • To Uthman (ra)  belongs the unique honor of having married two daughters of the Holy Prophet, one after the other. Prophet saw married him to his second daughter Ume Kulthoom after the death of Ruqiyyah. For this rare distinction he was called “Dhun-Nurain” the possessor of two lights.
  • The Holy Prophet declared on several occasions that among the Muslims, Uthman resembled Abraham and the Holy Prophet himself most.
  • Faced with the shortage of water and in need of a well owned by a Jew, Uthman purchased the well for ten thousand dirhams and dedicated it to the free use of the Muslims.
  • Uthman liberated the largest number of slaves. It is recorded that he used to liberate a slave every week.
  • On the occasion of the Hudaiybiya campaign, the Holy Prophet chose Uthman as his emissary to the Quraish. On the occasion of Baiyat-ur-Ridwan, the Holy Prophet took the pledge on behalf of Uthman, and this was a unique honor not shared by any one else.
  • The Holy Prophet appealed to his followers to finance the project for the extension of Masjid e Nabqwi after an increase in Muslim conversions after Hudaibiyah Treaty. Uthman financed the entire project; the Holy Prophet gave him the tidings of paradise in the next world for his generosity.
  • During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr, there was a severe famine and one thousand camels of Uthaman  laden with food grains arrived in Madina. Looking at the hardships and the starvation of the people, he gave away all the food grains to the poor and needy. He was matchless in generosity and thus was rightly called” Uthman Ghani” Uthman The Generous.
  • Among the rightly guided Caliphs, Uthman was the longest lived, and his rule was the longest.
  • Uthman ra was extremely modest  and matchless in modesty and Prophet saw is reported to have said:  “Verily, the angels stand abashed before Uthman as they stand abashed before God and His Prophet.”
  • Allah’s Apostle ascended the (mountain) of Uhud with Abu Bakr and Umar and ‘Uthman and it shook. Allah’s Apostle said, “Be calm, O Uhud!”, “There is none on you but a Prophet, a Siddiq and two martyrs.” (Bukhari)
  • According to tradition:  Abu Musa reported : Somebody came and moved the door. I asked “Who is it?” He replied, “Uthman bin Affan.” I asked him to wait and went to the Prophet and informed him. He said, “Admit him, and give him the glad tidings of enteringParadise, I asked him to wait and went to the Prophet and informed him. He said, “Admit him, and give him the glad tidings of enteringParadiseafter a calamity that will befall him.” So I went up to him and said to him, “Come in; Allah’s Apostle gives you the glad tidings of enteringParadiseafter a calamity that will befall you.” (Bukhari)

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