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Ashra e Mubasharah -Umar (r)

Posted by answersforshiafriend on October 5, 2011

The Ashra e Mubasharah

The Ten Who Were Given the Glad Tidings of Paradise

Who are the Ashra e Mubasharah?

  • Ashra means ten and Mubasharah means good news or glad tidings
  • Ashra e Mubasharah is a term used to refer to ten companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alayhe Wasallam about whom he clearly stated that they will be inParadise.

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, Umar will be in Paradise, Uthman will be in Paradise, Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, Al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf will be in Paradise, Sad ibn Abi Waqqas will be in Paradise, Said ibn Zayd will be in Paradise and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah will be in Paradise.”  Its isnad is sahih. [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 1/70, no. 50]

All of these ten Companions were the earliest converts to Islam and all of them emigrated in the way of Allah. Allah says about all the early converts to Islam from the  emigrants (Muhajreen) and the helpers (Ansar) in the Quran:

“And the first to embrace Islâm of the Muhâjirûn and the Ansâr  and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allâh is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” (Tawbah :100)

 

 

2. Umar Ibn Al Khattab

  • Before the conversion of Umar to Islam, the prayer of the Holy Prophet is on record wherein he prayed “O God, glorify Thy faith by the conversion of Umar.”
  • He was the fortieth person to embrace Islam.
  • He embraced Islam openly and made his conversion to Islam public.
  • It was only after his conversion that Muslims were able to pray in Kaabah openly.
  • The Quraish watched the Muslims pray at Kaabah and said, “Verily by the conversion of Umar to Islam, the Muslims have taken the revenge from the Quraish”.
  • After the Muslims had prayed in the Kaabah, the Holy Prophet conferred on Umar the title of “Al-Faruq,” for on that day through the efforts of Umar, the truth of Islam had become manifest.
  • The Holy Prophet had a dream:” While I was asleep, I dreamt that I drank milk. Then that milk began to flow from my fingers. That milk I asked Umar to drink and he drank to his fill.” The Holy Prophet was asked to interpret the dream and he said that the dream signified that among his followers, Umar would excel every one in knowledge.
  • He had the unique distinction of having his views confirmed by the Holy Quran.
  • Umar suggested that the station of Abraham inMeccashould be used as a place of prayer. Later an  injunction to this effect was revealed to the Holy Prophet.
  • Umar suggested that the wives of the Holy Prophet should be veiled. Later a verse was revealed  enjoining the wives of the Holy Prophet to be veiled.
  • Umar suggested that the use of wine should be prohibited. Thereafter God enjoined the prohibition of  wine.
  • Abdullah b. Ubbay though a Muslim was insincere in his professions and was the enemy of God and the  Holy Prophet. When he died the Holy Prophet led his funeral prayer. Umar suggested that the Holy  Prophet should not pray at the funeral of those who were the enemies of God and the Prophet. A verse  was later revealed enjoining the Holy Prophet not to pray at the funeral of those who were the enemies  of God and His Prophet.
  • When there was an imputation against the conduct of Ayesha, Umar said that this was a grievous calumny. Later a verse was revealed declaring the episode as a calumny thus establishing Ayesha’s  innocence.
  • After the battle of Badr, it was decided that the prisoners of the Quraish should be released on ransom.  Umar said that the prisoners being the enemies of God should be killed. Later according to a revelation  the Holy Prophet was enjoined that the enemies of God should be killed.
  • His superiority over his contemporaries was acknowledged when the Holy Prophet said that if there was to be a prophet after him, it would have been Umar.
  • Prophet once said to Umar ra: “O Ibn Al-Khattab! By Him in Whose Hands my life is! Never does Satan find you going on a way, but he takes another way other than yours.” Bukhari
  • The Prophet said, “Among the nation of Bani Israel who lived before you, there were men who used to be inspired with guidance though they were not prophets, and if there is any of such persons amongst my followers, it is ‘Umar.” Bukhari.
  • His daughter Hafsa (ra) was married to Prophet Muhammad (saw)
  • He was the second Khalifa of theMuslimState.
  • He was the first Muslim ruler to establish public treasury.
  • He was the first Muslim ruler to establish courts of justice and appoint judges.
  •  The conquests made by him exceeded in extent the conquests made by any other Muslim ruler  throughout the course of history.
  • He was the first Muslim ruler to establish the Army Department and assign regular salaries to the men in  the armed forces.
  • He was the first to create army reserves.
  • He established the land revenue department for the first time.
  • He had the honor of being buried next to Prophet Muhammad saw inMedina.
  • Volume 5, Book 57, Number 26: Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

While I was standing amongst the people who were invoking Allah for Umar bin Al-Khattab who was lying (dead) on his bed, a man behind me rested his elbows on my shoulder and said, “(O ‘Umar!) May Allah bestow His Mercy on you. I always hoped that Allah will keep you with your two companions, for I often heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were (somewhere). I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar did (something). I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar set out.’ So I hoped that Allah will keep you with both of them.” I turned back to see that the speaker was Ali bin Abi Talib.

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